We are continuously working to improve the accessibility of content on our website. Below, you’ll find a few recommendations to help make your browsing experience more accessible.
If you have trouble seeing the pages on this site, we offer these tips for optimizing your computer and browser to improve your online experience.
Use your computer to read web pages out loud
You can use a free browser plug-in called NaturalReader to listen to the web pages on this website. This plug-in is available for free for personal use.
NaturalReader helps people who may find it difficult to read text online, those who may have literacy problems, or those with learning disabilities such as dyslexia. It is also a beneficial tool for those for whom English is a second language.
NaturalReader reads the words on any web page through your computer speakers.
You can turn NaturalReader on and off with a single click of your mouse. You can also You can manually modify the pronunciation of a certain word.
You must download and install the NaturalReader software or Chrome extension before using it.
Use the Keyboard to Navigate Screens
Use these common keyboard commands to navigate web pages without a mouse. Some keystrokes may not work with every Internet browser.
|IF you want to…||THEN select|
|Move forward from link to link or to controls||Tab|
|Move backward from link to link or to controls||Shift + Tab|
|Navigate and select Radio Buttons||Arrow|
|Move from box to box||Tab|
|Open a List Box||ALT + Down arrow|
|Read the prior screen||CTRL + Page Up|
|Read the next screen||CTRL + Page Down|
|Go to the top of the page||CTRL + Home|
|Go to the bottom of the page||CTRL + End|
|Close the current window||CTRL + W|
|Refresh the screen||F5|
|Go back a page||ALT + Left Arrow|
|Go forward a page||ALT + Right Arrow|
|Navigate to & select the text in the address combo box||ALT + D|
Using Hotkeys or Access Keys
Most applications contain hotkeys to improve navigation and provide information. On many screens there is a continue button that allows you to go to the next page or a previous button to return to the prior page. Other keyboard commands, hotkeys or access keys will vary based upon your type and version of browser. You will find a list of these commands in the Help section of your browser. Locate the Help feature on the Menu bar of your browser or by using your keyboard F1 function key. Use these common keyboard commands to navigate web pages without a mouse. Some keystrokes may not work with every Internet browser.
Increase text size
With almost all modern web browsers you can hold down the Ctrl key (Command key on a Macintosh) and press the + (plus) key to increase text size or – (minus) key to reduce text size.
Magnify your screen
If enlarging the text is not enough to make the page easily readable, the next step is to magnify your screen. Recent versions of Windows include magnification software, which will allow you to increase text to a very large size. The Windows magnifier is limited in its functionality, however, so many visually impaired users find they need a more sophisticated magnification software program. Here is a list of screen magnifier products:
Change background and text colors
Some website users have difficulty reading text on a web page because of the background or text colors, or because of the way colors contrast with each other. Choose from the following web browsers for step-by-step instructions on how to change background and text colors on any web page you are viewing:
To change the type, size and color of your font and the background color:
- Select the Safari menu, then select Preferences.
- Select Appearance, which is the second option on the right.
- Under Standard font, select the Select button. Choose your desired font type, size and color.
- Click OK on the Preferences screen.
Choose the font style and size used on web pages
- Select the Tools menu (Shortcut:ALT + F).
- Select Options (Shortcut: O).
- Select the Under the Hood tab.
- In the web Content section, click Change fonts and language settings.
- Select the Fonts and Encoding tab and select the font settings you want to use.
To change the font:
- In the Menu bar at the top of the screen, click Firefox and select Preferences.
- In the General panel,go down to Language and Appearance.
- Under Fonts and Colors, use the drop-down menus to select the font and font size of your choice.
To change the text and background:
Here you can change the default text and background color to be used on web pages that haven’t specified that information. Click on the color samples to select colors.
- Open Microsoft Edge.
- Click on More actions > Settings.
- Click on Choose a theme and change it to light.
Make your mouse pointer more visible
The mouse pointer is sometimes hard to see. A Windows feature can help you locate it. (Some mouse drivers or software may not have this feature). Not all versions of Windows behave the same and you may need to refer to Windows help pages for further assistance.
Finding your Cursor in Windows:
- Click on the ‘Start’ button or press the ‘Windows’ logo key or press ‘Ctrl’ + ‘Esc’.
- Click on ‘Control Panel’ or press the keyboard ‘C’.
- Make sure you are in ‘Classic View.’ If ‘Pick a category’ is the main title on the page and under the ‘Control Panel’ title is ‘Switch to Classic View,’ click this view (you are currently in ‘Category View’) by clicking on the link or press tab to select ‘Switch to Classic View’ and press ‘Enter.’
- In ‘Classic View’ double click ‘Mouse’ or repeatedly press the ‘M’ key until ‘Mouse’ is highlighted and press ‘Enter.’
- The ‘Mouse Properties’ page should be displayed.
- Click on the ‘Pointer Options tab’ or press ‘Ctrl’ + ‘Tab’ until the Pointer Options’ tab is activated.
- Click the checkbox ‘Show location of pointer when I press the CTRL key’ or press ‘Alt’+’S’ on the keyboard which puts a tick in the box.
- Click ‘OK’ or press ‘Enter’ to confirm and exit mouse properties. Now pressing ‘Ctrl’ will give a visual clue by surrounding the pointer with circles.
Note: If this does not work, it could be because your computer settings cannot be changed due to local IT policies-contact your local IT support for further help.
Making your Mouse Pointer larger for Windows XP:
(If you have a different mouse or a different mouse driver installed, the options could look slightly different than as described in this section.)
- To begin, follow steps 1 through 5 under the previous section, Finding Your Cursor.
- Click on the ‘Pointers tab’ or press ‘Ctrl’ + ‘Tab’ until the ‘Pointer Options’ tab is activated.
- Underneath ‘Scheme,’ click on the drop-down box of predefined sets of mouse pointers, or press ‘Tab’ until the scheme box is highlighted, and the list appears.
- Use arrow keys to move through the list to highlight each cursor scheme. First, try sets labeled ‘Large’, ‘Extra Large’ or ‘Inverted’.
- To choose a scheme, click on it or if highlighted, press ‘Enter.’
- Click ‘OK’ or press ‘Enter’ to exit the ‘MouseProperties’ page.
Note: If this does not work, it could be that your computer settings cannot be changed due to local IT policies-contact your local IT support for further help.
Mouse & Keyboard Alternatives
If you are looking for mouse and keyboard alternatives, speech recognition software such as Dragon Naturally Speaking may help you navigate web pages and online services. This software allows the user to move focus around a web page or application screen through voice controls. If you are deaf or hard of hearing, there are several accessibility features available to you.
Closed captioning provides a transcript for the audio track of a video presentation that is synchronized with the video and audio tracks. Captions are generally visually displayed over the video, which benefits people who are deaf and hard of hearing, and anyone who cannot hear the audio due to noisy environments. Most of our video content includes captions. Learn how to turn captioning on and off in YouTube.
Your computer, tablet, or mobile device has volume control features. Each video and audio service has its own additional volume controls. Try adjusting both your device’s volume controls and your media players’ volume controls to optimize your listening experience.
- Set Accessibility preferences on Mac
- Get started with accessibility features on Mac
- Microsoft accessibility features
- Accessibility features in Firefox – Make Firefox and web content work for all users
- Use Chrome with accessibility extensions
If the recommendations above do not meet your needs, we invite you to contact us for assistance.